The Trump Administration’s recent decision to withdraw from the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF) with Russia, President Trump’s decision to withdraw the United States from the Iran Nuclear Treaty and the Paris Climate Treaty, plus the violations of the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons Treaty (NPT) by North Korea and other countries demonstrate the problem of dealing with global order through a system of treaties.
Treaties are Optional
Nations are not required to enter into treaties. The United States and some other countries have refused to become parties to the Law of the Sea Treaty and the Treaty of Rome concerning the International Criminal Court. The International Court of Justice will only accept cases about treaty violations if all national governments involved in the case agree to have it heard and abide by its decision.
National leaders suffer no consequences for violating or for withdrawing from international treaties. Even though most nations keep most of their treaties most of the time, national governments violate or withdraw from treaties when they feel it is in their national interests without any concern for the common good.
World Law is Needed
Instead of basing international relations on treaties, the global community needs to develop a system of world law that would be created by a democratic world parliament. Instead of each country having the same one vote as in the United Nations General Assembly, the number of representatives from each nation voting in a world parliament should be determined by its population and other factors. Individuals who violate world laws would be prosecuted by world courts. Border and land disputes between countries would be settled non-violently by binding arbitration in world courts.
Major global problems could be solved by this system of world law based on a world constitution that explicitly states the rights of national governments and all world citizens.
Disclaimer: The views expressed in this blog post do not necessarily reflect the official policy of Citizens for Global Solutions.