About the International Criminal Court
The International Criminal Court (ICC) was formed during one of the bloodiest decades in human history, after the Rwandan and Bosnian genocides. The establishment of a permanent International Criminal Court in 2002 represented a major breakthrough in international justice. The Court is the only one of its kind that can investigate and prosecute genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes when national authorities are unable or unwilling to do so.
As of December 2011, 120 states have ratified the Court's treaty, the Rome Statute -- including all of South America, nearly all of Europe and roughly half the countries in Africa. Today, the ICC is taking on its first cases. American involvement is critical to both the Court's success and U.S. foreign policy objectives. Thus, building American support for the International Criminal Court is a primary Citizen for Global Solutions mission.
Polls show that Americans overwhelmingly support the ICC. GlobalSolutions.org has been an active supporter of the ICC since the Court's inception and will continue to work toward the goal of U.S. ratification of the Rome Statute.
In June 2011, the ICC issued arrest warrants for crimes against humanity in Libya, after the Libya situation had been referred to the ICC by the U.N. Security Council several months earlier. Meanwhile, the Court has issued three arrest warrants against President Bashir of Sudan for charges including genocide. The ICC's first trial, of Thomas Lubanga Dyilo of the DRC, is expected to be completed in late summer 2011.
Links & Resources
ICC Membership Map
The 2010 ICC Review Conference
The Global Citizen
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From the President
"Now that it is operational, we are learning more and more about how the ICC functions. The Court has pursued charges only in cases of the most serious and systemic crimes and it is in America's interests that these most heinous of criminals, like the perpetrators of the genocide in Darfur, are held accountable. These actions are a credit to the cause of justice and deserve full American support and cooperation."
~ Barack Obama, U.S. President
"President Obama is committed to building strong international partnerships to tackle global challenges...The International Criminal Court, which has started its first trial this week, looks to become an important and credible instrument for trying to hold accountable the senior leadership responsible for atrocities committed in the Congo, Uganda, and Darfur."
~ Susan Rice, U.S. Ambassador
The ICC's Most Wanted
Who does the ICC indict?
What are their alleged crimes?