In Northern Ireland, there are barriers known as peace walls separating Irish Catholic and British Protestant neighborhoods from each other. Most of these walls can be found in Belfast, but some were also built in the cities of Londonderry, Lurgan, and Portadown.
They were originally set up during the era known as the Troubles* from the late 1960s to the 1990s, when riots and violent paramilitary activity between Irish Catholics (who wish to join the Republic of Ireland) and British Protestants (who want to stay with the United Kingdom) were rampant.
As peaceful relations between the two national/religious groups continue to evolve and the threat for violence diminishes, the peace walls should come down. They keep Northern Ireland in negative international spotlight, hinder the region's economic development, and signify one of the world’s longest-lasting conflicts.
The conflict in Northern Ireland that led to these walls being erected has been managed well ever since the Good Friday Agreement of April 10, 1998.** Relations between Irish Catholics and British Protestants are still testy at times, but peace groups have helped young people across the divide establish friendships and engage in peaceful activities together.