There is no end in sight to the terrible repercussions of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. 2,203,240 Iraqis are still displaced, living as refugees outside of Iraq or as displaced persons still within its borders. There are nearly twice as many displaced Afghans. In January of this year, 4,121,644 Afghans were refugees or IDPs. This means that Afghans represent the world's second largest refugee population after Palestinians.
A recent surge in sectarian violence in Iraq has lead to a tragic spike in the number of civilians killed this year--nearly 5,000 men, women, and children. In fact, more Iraqi civilians were killed in January to August of 2013 than in any year since 2008. In Afghanistan, there has also been an increase in violence affecting both civilians and Afghan security forces. The danger is acute for those Iraqis and Afghans who have worked for the U.S. military and its allies.