Deforestation is defined as “the action or process of clearing of forests” by the Merriam Webster Dictionary. Currently, 30% of the world is covered by trees, but with the current rate of deforestation across the globe, the world’s rainforests could completely vanish in just one hundred years.
Deforestation is mainly caused by humans, with most of it being caused by agriculture and logging. In order to plant more crops and create room for grazing livestock, some farmers participate in a process called slash and burn agriculture (the process of burning and cutting down trees to support agriculture). Due to the Earth’s dramatically increasing population size, more food is needed, resulting in forests being destroyed to create room for agriculture. Additionally, logging operations (some of which are illegal) are cutting trees to provide the world with paper and wood, but they are also cutting trees to create more living space for people.
What are the effects of deforestation?